The Ninth Annual RefoRC Conference on Early Modern Christianity

Event Date: 
15 May 2019 to 17 May 2019

Bologna, hosted by the Fondazione per le Scienze Religiose Giovanni XXIII.



In the fourth centenary of the Defenestration of Prague, this momentous incident, which was fraught with ominous consequences, has to be reconsidered not as a circumstance merely stemming from the Holy Roman Empire’s endemic political instability, but as a crucial event in European history belonging to a broader chronological and geographical framework. Part of the issues this event raises are connected to a longue durée process of Konfessionalisierungredesigning the political and religious categories of a Christian West in which the reform of the Church had been deferred for too long. This is to say that intra-Christian violence, devastating Europe from the mid-sixteenth century to the mid-seventeenth century, was rooted in the violence on which the Christendom regime had been built upon three hundred years before, and was in turn fed by the delay in Church reform and the idea of defence against external enemies (i.e. the Ottoman Empire), which at the beginning was looked at as necessary war.

The plenary lectures are focusing on the topics of war, violence, peace, tolerance, and intolerance in the context of a multi-confessional Europe going roughly from the Diet of Augsburg (1530) to the Peace of Westphalia (1648).

Topic Plenary Lectures

War and Peace in 16th Century Religions


Plenary Speakers


Angela de Benedictis (Bologna): Theories of War, Revolt and Resistance in Early Modern Italy


Ian Campbell (Belfast): Early Modern University Debates on War and Religion


Irene Dingel (Mainz): Compelled to Peace. Religious Peace Agreements as a Path to Confessional Co-existence


Rebecca Giselbrecht (Zurich): Women at War – The Swiss Connections


Mark Greengrass (Sheffield): Wars of Religion in the Sixteenth Century and the Problem of Trust


Graeme Murdock (Dublin): TBA


Short Papers, Panels, and General Attendance

The conference is open to individual short paper presentations (20-minute presentations) and to thematic sessions of two or three short papers. While we encourage papers on the conference theme, papers can also focus on all disciplines related to Early Modern Christianity, ca. 1450-1650, such as philosophy, law, history, theology, etc., independent of the theme of the plenary papers.

Short paper proposals are welcome via the registration form before March 1, 2019. It is also possible to attend the conference without giving a paper.


Short Paper Submission

Short paper submissions are welcome before March 1, 2019 via the online registration form.



Registration becomes effective on receipt of payment of the registration fee. Registration closes on May 14, 2019.



The language of the conference is English, but papers in French and German will be welcomed. Presenters who prefer to give their paper in French or German are invited to provide the audience with an English summary of about 150-200 words.


Conference Proceedings

The conference volume will be published by Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht in the series Refo500 Academic Studies (R5AS) and will contain all the plenary papers and a selection of short papers. Another publication venue is the Journal of Early Modern Christianity (JEMC).

Manuscripts for the conference volume can be submitted to the editors (contact info will follow). All other manuscripts can be submitted to Tarald Rasmussen.

Editors will decide on publication.



Go for more information and registration to

Submission date for papers: 
01 Mar 2019
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